The Truckee Meadows Annual Report provides TMRPA, our partners, and residents with information to gauge the ongoing effects of growth and to assess cumulative impacts. Keep scrolling and you’ll get into the data that shapes our Truckee Meadows or click the link below to download our data.

Understanding our region


Take a look at our current population, local diversity and demographics, and what we can expect in the next 20-year projected forecast

Digging deeper into demographics

What is the difference between race and ethnicity? We break down demographics and the importance of data collection!

Our Truckee Meadows at a glance

Dwelling Units

Units analyzed jurisdictionally and by tiers within the regional land use designations. Total historic units, and closer look over the last 5-years


Land Use

Land use in total built acres historically and in more recent years both jurisdictionally and by tiers, TMRPA land use regulatory project counts

truckee meadows jobs


The average employment rate, forecasted total jobs and percent share of total covered employment


The City of Reno’s Annual Report identified various efforts of 2020 and planned efforts for the next 5 years. Highlights included an update to the ReImagine Reno Master Plan, adoption of a new zoning code, and adoption of a new police facilities impact fee. When referring to the 2019 Truckee Meadows Regional Plan, in regard to Population Growth, the City of Reno’s Master Plan was updated to conform to the TMRP policy PG 4, referencing the Regional Strategy for Housing Affordability. The City Council further prioritized the creation of affordable housing by authorizing waivers and/or subsidies of building permit and sewer connection fees for affordable housing projects meeting certain criteria. The zoning code update created a more user-friendly code and established a more predictable and streamlined development review process. In 2020, there were 13 tentative subdivision maps approved for a total of 1,770 new lots and 1,625 dwelling units were issued a Certificate of Occupancy.

For policy section Regional Form, the update to the City’s Master Plan included adding language supporting policies RF 2, RF 3 and RF 11 of the TMRP. The changes acknowledged the Regional Land Designations and the priority hierarchy for development, referenced the Regional Land Designations density requirements, addressed land use compatibility at the Master Plan level, and added to existing policies on growth capacity and infrastructure planning. In 2020, there was one annexation adopted totaling ±80 acres. There were also three Master Plan map amendments and one Master Plan text amendment adopted. In terms of Public Facilities and Services, the Master Plan update included policy language to reflect TMRP policy PF 2, which focused on prioritizing facility and service improvements in line with the priority hierarchy for development. The City also adopted a police facilities impact fee, with specific fees varying by use type and structure size. The intent of the impact fee is to ensure that new development contributes its proportionate share of the provision of police facility capital improvements identified in the City’s CIP. The fee structure was based on land use assumptions derived from the population and employment growth projections prepared by TMRPA.

The updated City Master Plan considers the Natural resources policy section by including new policy language to reflect TMRP policy NR 5, which focuses on creating management strategies for development on slopes greater than 15 percent and less than 30 percent. Additionally, the City’s updated zoning code updated hillside development standards, the allowance of cluster development in Unincorporated Transition areas in order to reduce disturbance of steep slopes and wildfire risk, established development standards in high or extreme fire risk Wildland-Urban Interface Areas, expanded source water protections practices, modified closed basin storm water retention standards, created enhanced tree planting and protection standards to reduce the urban heat island effect, introduced new pedestrian and bicycle connectivity and enhanced historical resource protections. Finally, when reviewing Regional Coordination, as part of the City’s 2020 update to the Master Plan, policy language was changed to reflect the removal of cooperative plan areas from the TMRP. With the adoption of the new zoning code, the prior cooperative planning area edge matching standards have been updated and made applicable citywide for new land divisions adjacent to lower density residential zoning.


In early 2021, the City of Sparks Comprehensive Plan was found in conformance with the 2019 Truckee Meadows Regional Plan in its entirety by the Regional Planning Commission and Regional Planning Governing Board. Within the 2019 Truckee Meadows Regional Plan, policy section Population Growth addresses the need for our Region’s affordable housing. The City of Sparks is committed to providing solutions to the housing needs of all sectors of the Sparks community, while concurrently promoting economic growth and ensuring financial sustainability for its residents. The Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) and HOME Investment Partnership (HOME) Programs remain vital funding sources for addressing needs of the Sparks community. In FY 2020/2021, the City of Sparks received a total allocation of in $684,335 of new CDBG funds. The allocation represented a decrease of $6,861 or about 0.1% decrease from the prior year (FY 2019/2020) allocation of $691,196, diminishing the ability to address increasing challenges.

When considering policy section Regional Form, in 2020 the Sparks City Council approved numerous amendments to the 2015 zoning code. These changes resulted from utilization of the 2015 code, which led to staff to propose refinement of definitions, permitted uses, landscaping, density, parking and design standards. This amendment process enhances the opportunity to promote infill in areas including Victorian Square and the Marina district of Redevelopment Area 2. The City of Sparks spent $19,290,000 on Capital Improvement Programs, which promote growth priorities. Capital projects completed were on building, site/utility improvement projects. Redevelopment Area #1 – Victorian Square continued to be transformed by new development in 2020. Additionally, the Sparks Marina districts within Redevelopment Area #2, had 210 additional residences and a restaurant constructed and within the Oddie Boulevard district a 308-unit apartment project is nearing completion.

With regard to Public Services and Facilities, the City of Sparks recently rehabilitated 100 manhole covers and as a result reduced the amount of water flowing to the Truckee Meadows Wastewater Reclamation Facility, thereby effectively increasing plant/treatment capacity. Additionally, the  Sparks Comprehensive Plan adopted in 2020 considers the Natural Resources section of the Regional Plan as it  continues to identify, protect and enhance the natural environment for future generations along with addressing open space and greenways within the city.


In 2020, Washoe County participated in the HOME Consortium and continued public engagement and the pre-adoption process for regulating short term rentals (STRs) in unincorporated Washoe County.  Throughout this process, Washoe County incorporated the overall STR theme “to adopt simple, fair and enforceable regulations for short-term rentals that balance competing interests and maximize voluntary compliance”.  Additionally, Washoe County processed six Master Plan amendment requests and approved two Projects of Regional Significance in 2020.  As far as Capital Improvement Projects, Washoe County constructed two Hot Mix Asphalt patches.

Washoe County also worked on a variety of natural resource related projects including noxious weed inventory, removal, and restoration, developing an Integrated Vegetation Management plan, work with the One Truckee River Partnership Council, the lower Thomas creek trail project and improvements to the Regional Shooting and Archery Facilities.

Finally, Washoe County is involved in a reclaimed water pipeline extension project for STMWRF, as well as a 1,000,000-gallon water tank in Hidden Valley and continues to work with regional partners on a shared Accela permitting platform.  Washoe County has also embarked on a multi-year comprehensive plan update to their Master Plan.


The WCHC was created in an effort to improve the provision of affordable housing throughout Washoe County. The WCHC administers the Affordable Housing Trust Funds granted by the State of Nevada, as well as the HOME Investments Partnerships Program funds granted by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). In 2020, the WCHC spent $1,078,407 on tenant based rental assistance programs for renters earning no more than 60% of the area median income. Tenant based rental assistance programs provide up to three months of rent, utility assistance, deposit assistance and application fees for permanent housing for eligible households. The WCHC also funded a Rapid Rehousing Program with the Reno Housing Authority as well as a Cooperative Agreement to Benefit Homeless Individuals (CABHI) with the Volunteers of America. CABHI is a tenant based rental assistance program that provides monthly rental assistance for individuals in a recovery program. In total, the Consortium provided rental assistance to 1,366 low-income households in 2020.


The Sun Valley General Improvement District (SVGID) is a quasi-municipal entity which provides water, sewer, garbage, and recreation services throughout the Sun Valley community. SVGID monitors State, Regional and local issues and conducts near and long-term planning for its current service area and the approved service boundary.

When considering Public Facilities and Services, in 2020 the SVGID had no water or wastewater capital improvement projects to report. However, there was a capital improvement project that was completed in recreation for a main swimming pool rehab. The pool is located at 115 W 6th Ave., Sun Valley, NV. The rehab consisted of complete strip, replaster and tile of the main swimming pool. The total cost of the project was $85,189.00.


Truckee Meadows Water Authority (TMWA) is a not-for-profit, community-owned water utility overseen by a seven-member Board of Directors from Reno, Sparks, and Washoe County. TMWA was formed in 2001 and currently serves over 425,000 residents in the Truckee Meadows. TMWA’s primary objective is to provide reliable, high-quality water service to its customers in an efficient, cost-effective manner.

In 2020, TMWA provided water to approximately 130,524 municipal water services.  During that time, TMWA added 2,913 new water services to the system. For an additional bit of context, in 2019, TMWA provided water to approximately 127,611 municipal water services, and added 2,803 new water services to the system.

TMWA capital spending for Fiscal Year 2020 (FY20) included $58.5 million for major life-extending maintenance and improvement projects to TMWA infrastructure and water resources.  Improvements were made in the areas of water supply improvements, water treatment, distribution and metering assets, water storage and water pressure, hydroelectric power generation, as well as customer service and administration outlays.  CIP plans are reviewed annually and submitted to the Northern Nevada Water Planning Commission (NNWPC) for inclusion in the Regional Water Management Plan (RWMP). Finally, TMWA updates the Water Facilities Plan (WFP) every five years with a comprehensive engineering analysis that thoroughly examines both the state of the existing TMWA system and provides a blueprint for future expansion to meet a future demand as a result of growth in the Truckee Meadows.

TMWA capital spending for Fiscal Year 2019 (FY19) included $36.3 million for major life-extending maintenance and improvement projects to TMWA infrastructure and water resources.

TMWA produces clean power via its three hydroelectric plants located upstream on the Truckee River. The hydro plants harness the natural flow of the Truckee River and are capable of generating 6.7 megawatts annually, or enough energy for 3,500 households.

On February 11, 2020 TMWA Board of Directors unanimously agreed to approve a new hydroelectric power plant below the Chalk Bluff Water Treatment Plant (CBWTP). The new plant will use water from the Highland Canal and divert it down the Orr Ditch Pumpstation pipeline to a hydropower plant. The power generation of this plant would offset approximately 42% of the CBWTP annual power costs. It could also be used to power the CBWTP during a power outage. The approval of this project not only conforms with the Regional Plan, but it also aligns with the Governor’s Executive Order 2019-22 for greenhouse gas reduction goals and Senate Bill SB 358, which requires regulated utilities to source 50% of their electricity from renewable energy by 2030.



The Washoe County School District (WCSD) is a public school district providing public education to students in Washoe County, Nevada, including the cities of Reno and Sparks, and the unincorporated communities of Verdi, Incline Village, Sun Valley and Gerlach. The Washoe County School District is the second largest school district in Nevada with approximately 62,000 students enrolled in 96 schools. The WCSD is responsible for providing public education, as noted, and for the construction, maintenance and funding of the public school system infrastructure (e.g., schools, sports facilities, and administrative/maintenance buildings).

The primary location of for new school construction is occurring in the suburban and exurban areas of the region. The South Meadows/South Reno area, including Damonte Ranch and Double Diamond, as well as portions of Spanish Springs, the North Valleys, and western Reno are experiencing the highest levels of student population growth. Ultimately, this will result in additional new K-12 students at WCSD schools in these communities over time.

The Washoe County School District’s Facilities Management Department completed an update to the 2020-2039 Facilities Plan in January 2020. This plan reflects the next generation of new school construction in Washoe County which corresponds with areas of high residential growth.

Newly completed schools opened in August 2020:

  • John C. Bohach Elementary School (Spanish Springs): 680 students
  • Marce Herz Middle School (Arrowcreek): approximate capacity of 1,400 students

Additional new schools and projects:

  • Michael Inskeep Elementary School (Northern Cold Springs): opening in August 2021, approximate capacity of 682 students

The Washoe County School District (WCSD) constructs new schools and retrofits older schools with new and efficient technologies such as high efficiency windows, doors, and roofs.

The District has successfully implemented ground-source heat pump heating and cooling systems at all our newest schools built since 2004, saving taxpayers money by reducing the consumption of fuels and electricity. The ground-source heat pump is now a standard feature of WCSD’s upcoming new schools throughout the region.

Recently WCSD has completed the Energy Performance Project, a $30 million energy efficiency project to upgrade irrigation control systems, lighting, and plumbing fixtures throughout all sites.

WCSD employs an Energy Conservation & Sustainability Program Coordinator who oversees development and progress of the district’s consumption, energy usage and general sustainability, as well as District-wide conservation efforts at all schools and administrative properties. Lastly, our Sustainability Manager has implemented a half million-dollar project to implement an HVAC controls project for multiple sites to be implemented throughout the 2021-22 year.


The goal of the Washoe County Health District, Air Quality Management Division (AQMD) is to develop and implement programs to meet the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS). As of February 2021 (including the 2020 reporting timeframe), However, all other areas of Washoe County are meeting the NAAQS for all pollutants and averaging times.

In an effort to address the concerns about the deterioration of the air quality in Washoe County, the District Board of Health and its regional partners, including Board of County Commissioners, City of Reno, City of Sparks, and Regional Transportation Commission, have committed to support the measures included in the Ozone Advance Program. Ozone Advance is a collaborative effort to encourage voluntary initiatives that improve air quality which focuses on the following primary goals:

  1. Reduce ozone precursor emissions from on-road motor vehicles
  2. Reduce ozone precursor emissions from non-road motor vehicles and equipment
  3. Reduce impacts from heat island effects that contribute to ozone formation
  4. Increase efficiency of buildings
  5. Educate and empower local jurisdictions to make good long-term decisions that improve air quality


The RTAA is an affected entity, as defined by Nevada Revised Statutes, due to its role as a regional agency having responsibility for planning or providing transportation facilities, specifically aviation transportation facilities. In regards to policy element Population Growth, the RTAA takes the Consensus Forecast into account, however the most accurate forecast for airport demand levels and corresponding facility requirements must consider local, regional, national, and international demand for cargo, passenger airline, military, and general aviation activities. For RNO, the RTAA is currently using a Federal Aviation Administration-approved forecast that was created specifically for the 2018 RNO Airport Master Plan Update. For RTS, the RTAA is currently using the FAA Terminal Area Forecast.

When considering policy section Regional Form, the RTAA owns over 6,500 acres in the region. Nearly all of the RTAA-owned land is considered federally obligated and reserved for aviation-related facilities. All existing aviation transportation facilities at both RNO and RTS have been constructed on Tier 1 Land. A limited amount of RTAA-owned land (at both RNO and RTS) is available for third-party development, subject to FAA approval. Examples include non-aviation development (e.g. hotels, commercial, or industrial uses) and private aviation development (e.g. aircraft hangars, commercial general aviation facilities, and air cargo buildings). All such development at RNO and RTS occurs on designated Tier 1 land.

In regard to the Public Facilities/Services section within the Regional Plan, the RTAA has a large investment in the existing airport infrastructure which meets or exceeds the capacity needed to support substantial population and employment growth. Capital projects, undertaken by the RTAA, are usually for the purpose of maintaining existing facilities (e.g. reconstruction of existing infrastructure, replacement of aging equipment, etc.) or constructing new, improved, or expanded facilities to meet forecasted demand, to enhance safety and security, to address new regulatory requirements and standards, or to provide a higher level of service to our customers. Funding for RTAA CIP projects come from a variety of sources.  Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the RTAA, like all airport sponsors nationwide, has experienced a precipitous and drastic fall in revenues associated with the disintegration of passenger air travel demand. As a result, in March 2020, the RTAA slashed its current FY19-20 budget and projected FY20-21 budget and nearly all upcoming projects were removed from the budgets.

The RTAA remains committed to incorporating sustainability principles and practices into our operational, management, and administrative processes to ensure the economic viability, operational efficiency, and natural resource conservation of our two airports. During 2020, the RTAA’s sustainability programs continued to focus on four connected areas: Economic Viability, Operational Efficiency, Natural Resource Conservation, and Social Responsibility (EONS). The 2020 Annual Sustainability Report can be found on the RTAA website, https://www.renoairport.com/node/4577.  In 2020, a terminal-wide recycling program at RNO diverted 78 tons of recyclable materials from landfills.


The cities of Reno and Sparks, and Washoe County have franchise agreements to provide for solid waste collection, transportation, disposal and recycling services. Data indicates growth in the region’s economy and the need for additional transfer stations in the region.

Notes: data used within the report is from 2019 as the current recycling and tonnage (T) reports are not calculated until on or after April 1 for the previous year.

2019 Dataset Inventory

The amount of domestic solid waste disposed at the landfill: MSW = 488,037.25 T

The amount of industrial and special waste generated: I & P = 298,592.00 T

The total amount of MSW generated in the county: 857,886.39 T

The total waste generated in the county: 1,500,540.88 T

(Note: Total waste generated is the sum of the recycled MSW and C & D, plus the

quantity of MSW which was reported as generated in the county plus the I & P and

special wastes disposed of in the county.)

The amount of recycled material diverted from disposal at the landfill: Recycled MSW = 122,396.14 T

The amount of construction and demolition debris diverted from disposal at the landfill:

Recycled C & D = 304,719.39 T

The total recycled material collected: Recycled MSW + C&D = 452,837.56

MSW recycling rate = 14.26%) MSW + C & D recycling rate = 30.18%


The Regional Transportation Commission of Washoe County (RTC) serves the residents of Reno and Sparks along with unincorporated areas of Washoe County. The RTC serves three roles for the Washoe County urban area: it is the Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO), the transit service provider, and builds the regional roadway network.

The RTC works in close collaboration with TMRPA as part of a shared work program that the two agencies have had in place since 2011.

The RTC relies on TMRPA’s consensus forecast to populate data for Traffic Analysis Zones (TAZs) in the Travel Demand Model. This model helps to forecast traffic congestion levels on the region’s roadway network, allows RTC to analyze the potential benefits of roadway capacity improvements, and yields criteria pollutant emissions data to be analyzed in a regional air quality model.

The RTC develops the Regional Transportation Plan (RTP) in coordination with its partner entities such as Washoe County, the Cities of Reno and Sparks, and TMRPA.   The RTC implemented a project prioritization framework for the 2050 RTP, which incorporated the Regional Land Designations identified in the Regional Plan. The analysis of the capital improvement program over the life of the 2050 RTP demonstrates that the majority of capital expenditures are programmed to occur in the Mixed Use Core and Tier 1 of the TMSA, particularly in the first 10 years of the RTP. As more growth is anticipated to occur in Tiers 2 and 3 during the out years (2031-2050) of the plan, a corresponding increase in transportation investment is also anticipated in those tiers.

The RTC is committed to sustainable practices, and Sustainability and Climate Action is one of the Guiding Principles in the RTP. The RTC has also developed a Sustainability Plan, which addresses how these practices are implemented through projects, programs, and services, both internal and external to the agency.


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