The U.S. Census Bureau adheres to the 1997 Office of Management and Budget (OMB) standards on race and ethnicity. OMB Categories:
White – A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, the Middle East, or North Africa.
Black or African American – A person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa.
American Indian or Alaska Native – A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment.
Asian – A person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander – A person having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.
The 1997 OMB standards guide the Census Bureau in classifying written responses to the race question and permit the reporting of more than one race. An individual’s response to the race question is based upon self-identification. People who identify with more than one race may choose to provide multiple races in response to the race question. The racial categories included in the census questionnaire generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country and not an attempt to define race biologically, anthropologically, or genetically.
People who identify their origin as Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish may be of any race.